Goat and Sheep farming are profitable enterprises
that is now attracting investors. Goat and Sheep are essentially raised for their meat
and milk. Commercial goat and sheep farmers have been rearing under intensive and
semi-intensive system of management using improved technologies, (such as Prophylaxis, Growth enhancers, Artificial Insemination, Low cost feeds/fodders, Hydroponic fodders, Value addition and innovative
marketing of the produce), these acts have become imperative not only for
realizing their full potential but also to meet the increasing demand of goat and sheep products in the domestic and international markets. Due to its good economic
prospects, goat and sheep rearing under semi-intensive systems for
commercial production has been gaining momentum for the past couple of years.
Interestingly, indigenous goat and sheep are commanding good sales in market. Indigenous sheep (Udda; Balami, etc.) and goats (West African Dwarf; Red Sokoto, etc.) like freedom and don't want to be restricted to one spot, however, they should not be allowed to graze in early hours of the day but when sunshine is available. High demand for goat and sheep (especially ram) and theirs products with potential of good economic returns
have been driving many progressive farmers, businessmen, professionals,
ex-servicemen and graduates to take up the enterprises on a commercial
scale. The emerging favourable market conditions and easy accessibility to
improved technologies are also drawing the attention of agropreneurs.
Important areas that could be of interest to investors include Abattoirs and
Value is now being added to Goat and Sheep meat and this includes Suuya
production, 'Killishi' production , Peppered Goat/Sheep Meat, Packaged Goat/Sheep Meat
production, etc. Food processing factory are now making use of goat/sheep in their
daily processing, e.g. Sausage production, Mince Pie, etc. Goat or sheep meat can be retail at
|Kalahari Goat|N1200 per Kilogram.
Goats/Sheep could be indigenous or
exotic breeds. Example of exotic goat breeds are Kalahari, Boer goat, etc. Kalahari Red Goat is a special breed that had its origin from
South-Africa. This particular breed is now gaining widespread interest of
agropreneurs because of its hardy nature which makes it possible to adapt to
harsh weather conditions. Kalahari Red Goat also has high prolificacy, good
mothering ability, good meat quality (lean meat with excellent taste and
texture), and high carcass (meat) quantity.
|Dry Meat: Killishi|
Many dairy farms have been
employing better breeds of goats for quality milk production. Some of
these breeds include Saanen goats, Cyprus Shami goats, etc. Goat Milk is now
being preferred over cow milk because it has more calcium, phosphorous, Vitamin
A; B, Iron, and chlorine than cow’s milk. Goat milk also has lower
cholesterol in comparison to cow milk. Local breeds of goat or sheep can be crossbred to get better and improved breed. Kalahari and WAD have been successfully crossbred to get KalaWad. Many of the indigenous goats and sheep can be improved through crossbreeding by using Artificial Insemination.
|South African Boer Goat|
Goat or sheep enterprise focusing on selling live animals can be started with $5,000 depending on the scale of operation. Indigenous goats like Red Sokoto from Northern part of Nigeria are very cheap which can range from
N5,000 - N8,000 but are sold at high price in Southern part of Nigeria which can range from N10,000 - N14,000.
Main objective of setting up
goat or sheep farming is to make profit. However, profit making hinges on good marketing
management on the part of agropreneur. Hence, goat marketing involves
Needs of consumers: Buyers require goats or sheep of
different ages, size, breeds, etc. Some buyers such as
the local traders are much concerned
about the size while some buyers from the urban,
high value markets emphasize on quality.
Specific group of customers:
of the specific goat or sheep markets are individual, traders, abattoirs, NGOs, ethnic
groups, supermarket and export market.
Product: In the goat or sheep business
the products that we can sell to the market are live goats/sheep, goat/sheep meat, hides/skins,
Right quantities: It is
also important for agropreneurs to plan their production so that
they will consistently supply the required quantities
at specified time intervals. This is key in business as this helps
towards building long-standing and mutually beneficial relationships with your
Right time and place: When you start your
goats/sheep business to organized high value markets, you need to plan your production and
logistics to meet the market requirements.
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