Mushroom production is a lucrative agribusiness that
has low start-up costs with quick
returns on investment but it full potential is yet to be tapped in most
countries. Agropreneur can start mushroom production on a small or large scale
thus offering food sustainability and promoting self-sufficiency.
It should be
known that mushroom production is both science and art then mushroom can be
produced and sold within 2 to 4 months.
Moreover, mushroom can be dried or
processed into various types of food or mushroom extracts which will give an
added value. Aside from being added to soups and sauces, mushrooms can be
converted into sweets, cookies, candies and various snacks. Packaging and
branding is equally very important in adding value to mushroom business.
Mushroom products should target direct consumers, wholesalers, community, local
markets, neighbouring markets, restaurants, hotels and supermarkets.
Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of macro-fungi
(saprophytes) which can grow on dead matters or any agricultural wastes in a
controlled environment. Examples of economically cultivable mushrooms are; Oyster
mushroom (Pleurotus sp), Button
Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus), Shiitake
etc. Mushroom provides healthy source of nutrients. Mushroom is rich in protein, crude fibre,
vitamins and minerals. Mushroom contains low cholesterol and low calories. It
is equally medicinal and has several industrial applications.
There are many
types of mushrooms which differ in generic and specific name. Equally
nutritional and health properties differs with species cultivated, for example,
Oyster and Button
|Colour Oyster Mushroom|
Mushroom are both edible having fascinating medicinal and
nutritional properties, Oyster mushrooms are preferred because of their many
varietal expressions, easy cultivation, rapid growth rate, different
ecological adaptation, easy drying and
can grow on any agricultural waste but Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum) is not edible but has important medicinal
properties which includes; anti-cancer,
anti-HIV, anti-heart attack (cholesterol lowering as well as anti-angiogenic),
Hepato- and nephrotoprotective, hypoglycemic (anti-diabetes), antioxidants etc.
Reishi has been used in Chinese and Japanese medicine.
FAO recommends that one
adult should consume about 200-800 gram edible mushroom per day. For elderly
people and children, 200 and 500 grams are sufficient.
|Bottled Mushroom Spawn|
To start mushroom business, selecting the right type
of mushroom to produce should be based on climatic conditions, substrates
available and market demand. Mushroom production basically involves, Mushroom
Spawn (Seed), Mushroom Cultivation and Mushroom Processing. Each enterprise can
be carried together or separately. Mushroom spawn and prepared substrate can be
packaged in a poly-propylene bag for selling to mushroom growers.
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Labels: Agribusiness/Food, Researches